The historic center of Quito has one of the largest, least-altered and best-preserved historic centers in the Americas. Quito, along with Kraków, were the first World Cultural Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO in 1978. The central square of Quito is located about 25 kilometres (16mi) south of the equator; the city itself extends to within about 1 kilometre (0.62mi) of zero latitude. A monument and museum marking the general location of the equator is known locally as la mitad del mundo (the middle of the world), to avoid confusion, as the word ecuador is Spanish for equator.
Quito, officially the Metropolitan District of Quito (Spanish:Distrito Metropolitano de Quito), is a canton in the province of Pichincha, Ecuador.
The canton is governed by the same mayor and city council that govern the city of Quito.
According to the 2001 census, the total population of Quito (not the city itself) is 1,839,853, with 892,570 men and 947,283 women. According to the 2007 estimates, it is 1,840,000. Of this, the population of the urban parishes (the city of Quito itself) was 1,399,378, and the population of the rural parishes (outside of the city of Quito, but still within the canton) was 440,475. The total population density of the canton is 439.8 inhabitants per km² (1139.1/mi²). The total number of households in the cantón is 555,928, with 419,845 in the urban area (= city) and 136,083 in the rural area. Of the 1,407,526 inhabitants of the canton over the age of 12, 639,068 are married, 541,758 are single, 33,116 are divorced, 30,898 are separated, and 47,930 are widowed.
Mary Jane Skala. KEARNEY — If a young Tom Martin had been told he’d become a distinguished philosophy professor, he’d have laughed. “Back then, I wanted to go from bar to bar playing a blues guitar,” he said ... A transformation ... In Quito, he said, Indians went to town barefoot to go to the market, sleep in the plaza, then walk back to their villages ... .